Executive of Cumann na mBan
Executive of Cumann
na mBan February 1922
This photo shows 23 members of the Executive of Cumman na mBan. While we know who most of these women are, there are 4 who remain unidentified. Can you help us identify them?
At a special convention on 5 February 1922, Cumann na mBan rejected the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty with Great Britain and Ireland. Mary MacSwiney brought forward a resolution that reaffirmed allegiance to the Republic of Ireland. Jennie Wyse Power proposed an amendment to accept. 63 members voted in favour, while an overwhelming 419 voted against.
Below we have them listed out row by row including the women we can’t identify.
- Front Row Left to Right:
- Kate Breen
- Dr Adeline English
- Áine Ceannt
- Jennie Wyse Power
- Constance de Markievicz
- Nannie O’Rahilly
- Mary MacSwiney
- Margaret Pearse
- Second Row Left to Right:
- Máire O’Reilly
- Máire Deegan
- Éilis Nic Eachnaidh
- Bríd Connolly
- Maureen McGavock
- Phyllis Ryan
- Back Row Left to Right:
- Máire Comerford
- Sighle Humphreys
- Josephine Ahearne
- Fiona Plunkett
Mna100 provides the Dictionary of Irish Biography entries for some of the best known women and for this centenary have also created new biographies of some of the lesser known women
Some of the women in the photograph were identified in the newspaper. Others identified by Sighle Humphries in her handwritten key, now in the collection of University College Dublin Archives .
Documents in the Military Archives have a list of known members of the Executive. Link here are the names of the missing women contained in this document. Examine the photograph and see if you can help us identify them.
If you have any suggestions please contact Mna100
100 Years on not all of the members of the Executive are identified. Mna100 has created new biographies of some of the lesser known women members
Front Row Left to Right
Second Row Left to Right
Back Row Left to right
Executive Members included in this list who could be unidentified women in the list?
Mrs Margaret Skinnider
Miss Margaret Skinnider
Mrs Madge Daly
Miss Madge Daly
Born on Henry Street, Limerick in February 1877 into a prominent Fenian family. She was the second eldest daughter of Edward Daly and his wife Catherine O’Meara.
She had eight sisters and one brother Edward (known as Ned). Her father took part in the 1867 Fenian Rising alongside his brother John. The death of the 41 year old Harbour Weightmaster in 1890 ended the childhood of the eldest three girls.
Her brother Edward Daly was later Commandant of the 1st Dublin Battalion of the Irish Volunteers. Her sister Kathleen married Tom Clarke. Both Edward and Tom were executed for their part in the 1916 Rising.
Named Margaret, after her Daly grandmother, she was always known as Madge. She was academically gifted and for a time she worked as a teacher in school where she had been a pupil, the Presentation Convent in Sexton Street. She was trained as a Milliner in Cannock’s Department Store in Limerick City.
By 1901 the head of the household was Uncle John, who was then Mayor of Limerick, also residing in the home was her grandmother Margaret Daly, 90, her daughter Ellen, Madge’s mother Catherine, her eight sisters and her brother. By then she had joined the staff of her Uncle’s bakery in William Street. She took over the running of the business when he became ill. She maintained a highly successful business for the remainder of her working life. It is said that it was her business acumen that made the family wealthy.
Madge Daly joined Maud Gonne’s Daughters of Ireland (Inghinidhe na hÉireann) in 1900. She was a founding member of Cumann na mBan in Limerick. She was appointed as the first President of the Cumann na mBan branch in Limerick City upon its foundation in 1914.
By 1921, as Madge described through their ‘own industry’ she purchased ‘Ardeevin’ on the Ennis Road. The business by then had a bakery, a confectionary business and a flour business on Sarsfield Street. The Dalys were subjected to continuous raids both in their home and business during the revolutionary period. They were fined, their premises were set on fire. On 9 April 1921 the family were subjected to a brutal and violent attacked by masked and armed men. The content of their home was burnt by military order. The Dalys were only able to save photographs.
She played an active role in Cumann na mBan during the revolutionary period, fund-raising, arranging safe-houses, and issuing propaganda, amongst other activities.
Madge was actively involved in the White Cross and the American Commission for Relief in Ireland.
She was opposed to the Treaty and during the fighting in Limerick in July of 1922 she was one of the last to leave New Barracks which had been occupied by Anti-Treaty forces.
Madge Daly retired as President of the Limerick branch of Cumann na mBan in 1924.
In 1930s Madge was involved in the establishment of the Limerick Shoe Company. The family moved to a larger house with gardens, Tivoli on the North Circular Road. During the Emergency, due to Madge’s declining health, the family decided to move to Dublin to be close to specialist treatment. Madge died there in 21 January 1969 aged 91. She is buried in Mount Saint Lawrence Cemetery in Limerick.
Her papers including an unpublished memoir form part of the Daly Papers in the special collections at the Glucksman Library, University of Limerick.
By curating the content on this website, we hope to inspire the pursuit of bold, creative inquiry. Equipping us for the next 100 years.
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